The Rulers Involved

Harold Godwinson

Selected by English lords as the next ruler, Harold was the brother-in-law to King Edward through the marriage of his sister. He did his best to rule the kingdom normally and even married Earl Edwin’s sister to cement the northern earldoms to the kingdom. (Harold the last Anglo-Saxon King. 138-42) He appointed some new people to powerful positions but largely maintained the positions staffed by men from King Edward’s reign. He even continued the harsh treatment of his brother Tosti, who was stripped of land and power just before King Edward’s death.

 

William of Normandy

William was a distant relative of King Edward and claims to have been promised the throne in the years before 1066. To make his claim more complicated, he claims that William Godwinson delivered King Edward’s message of succession to William and swore allegiance to him on the bones of a saint. William used this claim to appeal to the Pope for approval to invade England and take the crown by force.

 

 

Harald Hardrada

Harald Hardrada was one of three contenders for the English throne when King Edward died in January of 1066. His claim to the throne was the most tedious and went back nearly 20 years to an entirely different ruler.

 

 

Stenton, F. M. William the Conqueror and the Rule of the Normans. Rev.]. ed. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1966. 63.

Stenton, F. M. William the Conqueror and the Rule of the Normans. Rev.]. ed. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1966. 148.

Stenton, F. M. William the Conqueror and the Rule of the Normans. Rev.]. ed. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1966. 155.

Vries, Kelly De. The Norwegian invasion of England in 1066. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2003. 24.

Vries, Kelly De. The Norwegian invasion of England in 1066. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2003. 43.

Vries, Kelly De. The Norwegian invasion of England in 1066. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2003. 392.

Walker, Ian W. Harold: the last Anglo-Saxon king. Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton, 1997. 35.

Walker, Ian W. Harold: the last Anglo-Saxon king. Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton, 1997. 108.

Walker, Ian W. Harold: the last Anglo-Saxon king. Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton, 1997. 138-142.